Believed to be one of the key features of the parliamentary system, dissolution seems to be the shadow of its former self under the French Fifth Republic. This paper endeavours to explain the why and how of this interest loss.
Often reduced to the « inversion of the calendar » — namely the concurrence of the President’s and MPs’ term —, this paper argues, on the contrary, that this explanation fails to account for a number of relevant and significant facts, amongst which that the United Kingdom, Germany, and all parliamentary regimes, possess such feature without for all that dissolution being doomed. Moreover this explanation derives from a very french-minded prejudice : the President’s role theorisation. Hence, this paper, tries to rather look for the causes leading to such analyses.
Finally, the role of the french President questioned and put back into perspective, will allow for a broader and new systematisation of the dissolution’s use, following different figures of the dissolving authority.
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